Obesity In Indians and How does Bariatric Surgery Help?

Obesity In Indians and How does Bariatric Surgery Help?

Obesity in India: In India, there are around 135 million and more cases registered because of obesity. The main reason behind these large numbers is the differences in age, life cycle, geographic atmosphere, etc. Due to high living standards and modern culture with high socioeconomic status were found to be having higher obesity prevalence. Currently, India is facing major public health problems affecting due to obesity. In the Recent interview of health analysts and their studies say that they have reported globally, more than 1.9 billion approx adults are overweight, and 650 million humans are obese. According to these studies, there are very dangerous numbers appearing on the eyes of death. Overweight or obesity is said to be the cause of 2.8 million deaths each year. Thirteen percent of women (15-49 years) and nine percent of men (15-49 years) were overweight or obese, according to the National Family Health Survey India-3 (NFHS-3). The main causes of obesity in India are unhealthy diet-fast foods, high-calorie beverages, oversized protein, bad eating habits (eating between meals, preference to sweets, refined foods, and fats), sedentary lifestyles, medicines, genetics, and family history.

 Bariatric surgery helps in preventing obesity: 

It is also called weight-loss surgery. Bariatric surgery is hormonal surgery. In these procedures, the alteration in gut hormones develops as a result of the procedure. Types of bariatric surgery are sleeve gastrostomy, banded sleeve or bypass, mini gastric bypass, intragastric balloon, Roux En Y gastric bypass(RYGB), revision bariatric, endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty (ESG), dietary weight loss. Bariatric surgery is the operation that reduced the size of the stomach or intestines are rerouted to create a shorter channel for absorption of food.


When one need bariatric surgery?

BMI, which stands for body mass index, is a measure of height concerning weight; it defines the obesity value levels of obesity and helps determine if the bariatric surgery is required. Suppose the BMI value is 40 or more than that. In that case, it indicates a serious overweight problem. If the value of BMI is under 35, then it indicates the problem of obesity-related co-morbidities such as type II diabetes (T2DM), hypertension, sleep apnea, and other respiratory disorders or even heart diseases; you may be a candidate of bariatric surgery.

Bariatric surgery can be life-changing for those who want to lose weight. Factually, it also helps in preventing life-threatening health complications.


The benefits of bariatric surgery go beyond just losing weight:


1) Quality of Life:

As per numerous studies, health experts have suggested that individuals report improvements in psychosocial functioning with weight reduction results as beneficial. And the most consistent finding in this area is the association between surgical weight loss and improved quality of life. The study says that 95% of the patients who had bariatric surgery reported markedly improved or improved quality of life. After the bariatric surgery, those who are stressed out of obesity can surely look forward to living their life longer as well as more happily.


2) For type 2 diabetes

The results are evidently more effective, allowing almost all patients to remain free of insulin by the improvement in metabolic control, which often takes a long time, like some days to some months. And for the following surgery, it most likely reflects an alteration in metabolism, which is independent of weight loss.


3) Improved cardiovascular health.

In obesity there is a chance of heart problems and cholesterol problems, but after bariatric surgery, such issues tend to reduce the chance of repeating themselves.


4) Reduces Hypertension and Hyperlipidemia

The experts randomly assigned 100 obese people with proven but regulated hypertension to either Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) or standard medical therapy. At the 12-month follow-up, more than 80% of participants in the surgery community had been able to discontinue or decrease their antihypertensive prescription, compared to just 13% in the medication group. This demonstrates unequivocally that RYGB surgery is a successful therapy for hypertension. Up to 50% of patients who suffer from obesity who go under bariatric surgery have less risk of hypertension and hyperlipidemia. The recovery rate after the Bariatric surgery is more effective. In around 60% of patients, bariatric surgery results in the resolution of dyslipidemia, according to large trials. According to a meta-analysis, bariatric surgery reduces the probability of heart failure by almost half and the risk of stroke by more than half.


5) Joint pain relief

The joint pain is directly affected by the overweight or excessive weight. The more weight occurs on the joint, the more it will shrink, and after the complete capacity, joint pain is becoming a major problem in the body. After the surgery, there is a reduction in joint pain due to a balanced BMI value. The more you look to a forward lifestyle, the more it will increase the chances of recovery. The meditation will help to live the happier life.


6) Improves fertility

Surgery can improve menstrual cycles in women who don’t ovulate. For PCOS patients with infertility, bariatric surgery also has been shown to increase the fertility rate. One study reported that the risk of miscarriage might decline after bariatric surgery.


7) Reduces Fatty liver disease

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most common causes of chronic liver disease worldwide, and morbid obesity is strongly associated with its development.


8) Prevent Obesity Associated Cancer

Bariatric surgery has been shown to reduce the risk of developing new cancers.


9) Alleviate other medical conditions

 Weight loss surgery can also relieve metabolic syndrome, pregnancy complications, gallbladder disease, and more.


10) Mortality rate reduce

Large epidemiologic studies showed that obesity is associated with a higher chance of dying early.

After reading this complete article, it shows that bariatric surgery can help to recover the condition. In some cases, there is a risk of reducing the mortality rate in the body.